To learn dialect or not? When your Chinese family doesn’t speak Mandarin Chinese | Speaking of China

66 Responses

  1. Sara
    Sara February 17, 2014 at 11:54 am | | Reply

    Very interesting post! My Chinese family speaks Cantonese so my situation is a bit different as there are millions of Cantonese speakers and study material is easy to find.

    But what I think is common is that we both have the need to learn the dialect to communicate with family members. I feel a bit of an outsider because I can’t understand much Cantonese. I think learning this dialect will be very important me in the future.

    Btw, how do you address your mother- and father-in-law?

  2. Constance - Foreign Sanctuary
    Constance - Foreign Sanctuary February 17, 2014 at 12:43 pm | | Reply

    Another interesting post! I faced the same language barrier with my husband’s grandma and the same awkward moments sometimes when no one was around to translate. My husband’s grandma, like yours, couldn’t speak Mandarin – she only spoke Taiwanese. She past away awhile ago and I always wished I had the opportunity to get to know her better.

    Good for you for taking the initiative to learn the language!

  3. chinaelevatorstories
    chinaelevatorstories February 17, 2014 at 4:24 pm | | Reply

    Although Northeastern dialects are often not considered dialects at all, I sometimes have a hard time understanding my parents in-law. What they speak surely isn’t one of the dialects that is completely different from Mandarin Chinese, but it still has many different words and grammatical structures that are a bit different from standard Mandarin Chinese.
    Only recently, I laughed when I heard them talking and made out the words “哈拉巴 (halaba)” and “嘎拉哈 (galaha)” which both originally derive from Manchurian.
    I think with time there’s a lot one can learn passively, if only you stay in an area where a dialect is spoken for an extended period of time – at least if the dialect is still a little similar to Mandarin Chinese as are many dialects that are considered to be Northern dialects (I understand certain Yunnanese dialects a bit since I’ve stayed in Yunnan for some time). If the dialect is completely different, it might be a lot harder and I guess you’ll have to put a lot of effort into it and learn more actively – especially if you not only want to be able to understand it but also speak it with your family members.
    I thought I’d be able to pick up a little Cantonese here in Shenzhen, but except for the speaker on the subway I usually don’t hear it in day-to-day life and it is like a complete different language – making it hard for me to understand anything at all.

  4. ordinary malaysian
    ordinary malaysian February 17, 2014 at 7:22 pm | | Reply

    What dialect is it they are speaking? I think you can learn to speak the dialect by osmosis. Listen, absorb and if you don’t understand a word or phrase, ask . The idea is to be able to communicate on basic level. You don’t need to engage in deep discourse with your in laws. They don’t speak Mandarin at all? Most of us Chinese here learn to speak the others’ dialects by mixing and talking with friends and relatives of different dialectical groups and watching movies and the telly. Many of us can speak at least two or three other dialects apart from our own dialectical mother tongue. You will get the hang of it soon, by listening and trying to speak. The five major Chinese dialects spoken here are Cantonese, Hokkien, Teochew, Hailam and Hakka. I am sure you will be fluent in no time if you keep at it. Don’t give up!

  5. ordinary malaysian
    ordinary malaysian February 17, 2014 at 8:05 pm | | Reply

    Ha, we Hokkien use the word ‘abu’ for mother! ‘A mah’ for grandmother! Yes, ‘a’ or ‘ooi’ for shoe and ‘gai kee’ for oneself! Dialects can be a devil sometimes, haha. But really, Mandarin is not the mother tongue of the Chinese people. A Chinese person’s mother tongue is his dialect! I, for one, would be sad to see dialects disappear. So, Jocelyn, we would be grateful to you if you could help keep Chinese dialects alive! At least you will be a most welcome unlikely heroine!

  6. Gordon Mathieson
    Gordon Mathieson February 17, 2014 at 11:10 pm | | Reply

    Great article. I only learned Mandarin at Yale and lived on Taiwan where they could understand me easily, but I struggled with the Taiwanese language. Check out your examples for the word HOUR. I think you have them reversed. zhongtou is Mandarin or at least that what I was taught.
    I was impressed with your examples and something that Westerners just don’t get.
    Really like your blog!

  7. Yabin
    Yabin February 17, 2014 at 11:54 pm | | Reply

    China is extremely regional compared to the States! Ironically I didn’t notice this when I was in China but when I’m staying in America.

    I can speak my local dialect (Wuhan) and Mandarin, and it serves me perfectly well in communicating with my Chinese social circles. I speak dialect with childhood or high school friends and Mandarin with college friends. I believe for most Chinese they only need to know Mandarin and their local dialects.

    In your situation, I am thinking it might be a good idea to learn the local dialect! Because if your social circles now include people who only speak this dialect, it might be a big hindrance in communication. Lots of subtle feelings (and humors) in dialects are beautiful, but they usually can’t be captured by Mandarin speakers. I think just like Mandarin, dialects are another media to connect with each other.

    But studying dialects certainly takes time. I wouldn’t try to learn another dialect unless there is a strong reason. However, I think your reasons sound solid. Have fun!

    P.S. I didn’t know Wenzhou dialect was (arguably) used to prevent from deciphering!

    P.P.S. Sometimes I wonder how Officials in ancient China communicated with each other. It must be a pain for North Chinese to speak with Southern Chinese.

  8. AG
    AG February 18, 2014 at 1:14 am | | Reply

    Without Hanzi (Chinese characters), Chinese could be divieded into numerous countries like Europe. Phonemic writing system will produce totally different writings from each other due to sounds differences like Jocelyn listed here.

    The day China gets rid of Hanzi, is the day China fall apart into numberous different countries like Europe.

    Second point, according to Diamond’s book “Guns, Germs, and Steel”, minor language will inevitably going away due to advance of communication, less usfulness of minor languange in modern world. Even third generation ethnic Koreans in China are losing their language though Korean is still useful internationally. Manchurian language is gone even though they ruled last dynasty.

    Ireland has to educated its mass for celtic language. Yet, no body borthers to speak it in daily life.

  9. Holly
    Holly February 18, 2014 at 1:36 am | | Reply

    I think it would interesting to learn the local dialect! and it would be somewhat useful if you are staying there a while longer.

    Always good to learn something new!

  10. Lina
    Lina February 18, 2014 at 1:49 am | | Reply

    I think it all depends if you want to teach further generations or you just want to communicate with the old one. I understand that dialects, especially from small places, are the things that keep the traditions but sometimes at least for us foreigners it might be little bit pointless. My husband`s native languages are Cantonese after father and Shanghainese after mother, he speaks Mandarin with very specific accent but for those two he speaks like local, knowing even new terms and slangs. His mother now complains why he kept on speaking Shanghainese to her and not practice his Mandarin as it`s `more useful than a slowly dying dialect` but our situation is a bit different – Hong Kong and Shanghai are big cities, living in a small town has different rules.
    Maybe try to learn very simple phrases that can be useful for everyday life but focus mostly on the language you want future generation to speak? 🙂

    I love this article 🙂

  11. Bruce
    Bruce February 18, 2014 at 2:54 am | | Reply

    Jocelyn,

    You are a good wife!! :). I speak Cantonese and other languages lol.

  12. Camila
    Camila February 18, 2014 at 5:06 am | | Reply

    Great article!
    I find myself in a similar situation. I just started learning Mandarin, but my boyfriend’s family is from Shanghai, so I ask myself everyday why am I studying if I won’t be able to communicate with them anyway /also, we are in Argentina, both his parents can speak Spanish, although his mother more than his father, so it’s not like we CAN’T speak to each other, but they won’t speak much to me because in their home they will only speak Chinese.
    I would like to speak their dialect, but I can’t find books or anything about it, so I’m just trying to get better at Mandarin.

  13. lenore look
    lenore look February 18, 2014 at 6:26 am | | Reply

    How fun! Good for you, Joss! And thrilling for Abu! I learned a dialect (Taishanese) growing up as a child of immigrants from Guangdong, and now I’m a life-long learner of Mandarin. So my Chinese language journey is the opposite of yours. When I traveled with my dad to his village for the first time, I’ll never forget how surprised the villagers were that I could speak their language! They viewed me with curiosity, and at arm’s length, until I spoke to them. Then I was no longer an outsider, but one of them. I wrote about this in an essay that was published in The Best American Essays 2001. I might have sent it to you, but I don’t remember.

  14. Miriam
    Miriam February 18, 2014 at 9:51 am | | Reply

    I know a lot of Chinese people who use zhong tou for hour while speaking Mandarin…
    Really interesting post. My inlaws use one of the Hakka dialects, Hainanhua,Hokkien and Mandarin to communicate depending on whom they are speaking to within the family AND what they are talking about. As for some of the wives, they bring Fuzhou and Cantonese into the.mix as well. Quite confusing for all our children but we keep trying. These dialects are precious! But can so easily be lost especially when the speakers marry outside their dialect. Think it is wonderful you are learning your Abu’s dialect, very special indeed!

  15. Miriam
    Miriam February 18, 2014 at 9:55 am | | Reply

    @AG…not quite so with Irish Gaelic! People DO speak it in daily life depending on context and purpose

  16. Jenna Cody
    Jenna Cody February 18, 2014 at 10:05 am | | Reply

    “zhongtou” (鐘頭) is a perfectly acceptable word in Mandarin for “hour!”

    In fact, that’s what most people in Taiwan say – in Mandarin, not Taiwanese – for “hour”. 小時 is known but “zhongtou” is more popular and “natural”.

    In fact, I’m not fluent in Taiwanese at all (also a totally different language), but a some of these words sound strikingly similar to the way Taiwanese just…sounds. Although they are different words. Even though Taiwanese is a dialect offshoot of southern Fujianese (Minnanyu). (Anybody telling you Taiwanese and Minnanyu are the same is wrong – they probably once were, but now they’ve diverged considerably and, to make them even more different, Taiwanese is full of common loan words from Japanese, many of which originated in English).

  17. Jenna Cody
    Jenna Cody February 18, 2014 at 10:10 am | | Reply

    And although I am not married into a Taiwanese family, I do want to learn as much Taiwanese as I can because I love Taiwan and revel in how it’s a totally different place from China. I want to absorb what I can of their unique cultural aspects, which include the Taiwanese language. It also helps because I enjoy traveling to parts of Taiwan where the most traditional festivals take place. And old folks, or traditional rural folks who never did pick up much Chinese, in those areas, often the ones who know the most about the festivals in question or are organizing them.

    I’ll never be fluent in it, but a little bit here and there, a basic conversation, maybe a song or two, some phrases I can pepper my Chinese with (the two languages are mixed, often mid-sentence, quite frequently), is what I’m working on.

    1. Definitely Maybe
      Definitely Maybe February 18, 2014 at 3:33 pm | | Reply

      Jenna Cody said: “And although I am not married into a Taiwanese family, I do want to learn as much Taiwanese as I can because I love Taiwan and revel in how it’s a totally different place from China.”

      Yeah, and it seems that most 外國人 (foreigner) are strongly pro-Taiwanese independence, and every time I come across a 外國人 advocating de jure independence for Taiwan, I lose a little of my own enthusiasm for it.

  18. Nicki Chen
    Nicki Chen February 18, 2014 at 1:52 pm | | Reply

    I admire your energy in trying to learn the dialect. Every little bit you learn will please your husband and his family.

  19. Fred
    Fred February 19, 2014 at 1:37 am | | Reply

    @ Jocelyn. I know only Cantonese (dialect of Canto and Hong Kong). I think you should learn the local dialect as well so that you can be empowered. All the more power to you , girl!!!!!

    Fred

  20. Bruce
    Bruce February 19, 2014 at 2:09 am | | Reply

    Fred,

    I told you that you’re my bro. We speak the same dialect :). ahahahahhahaha

  21. IC
    IC February 19, 2014 at 6:09 am | | Reply

    @Definitely Maybe
    Yes, your observation is absolutely right. Just look at history of Texas and California, or Hawaii. They were all started with innocent white immigrants who looked so benign. But deep down, they hold strong contempt toward the locals. At end, they want to take your land. Once they reach critical mass, they will reveal their true color.

    Now you understand why Qin dynasty, Ming dynasty, and Japan empire aggressively limited foreigners trading place at small port cities. It was illegal for these white traders to cross the borders. They knew trading posts as first step for colonization. Certainly there is racist component in it since such limitation did not apply to fellow East Asians. It is reactionary racism to white racism.

    East Asian countries were only ones successful to resist western colonialism. If people do not learn history, disaster can happens. IC=incorrect politically.

  22. SBB
    SBB February 19, 2014 at 6:12 am | | Reply

    My wife speaks both standard Mandarin and the Wuhan dialect, which is a southwestern Mandarin dialect (and thus more similar to the Sichuan dialect than the Beijing one). Her parents only speak the Wuhan dialect but can understand standard Mandarin which is reasonably intelligible to a Wuhan speaker, so Putonghua it is for me.

    The Taishan dialect of Cantonese is common among Chinese-Americans because most of the railroad workers who came before the Chinese Exclusion Act was passed were from Taishan. The second big wave of Chinese immigration to the US was from Fujian and the most recent wave is of more educated demographics who know Mandarin.

  23. Jenna Cody
    Jenna Cody February 19, 2014 at 10:11 am | | Reply

    “They knew trading posts as first step for colonization.” – regarding IC’s post, that sounds more or less exactly like China’s plan for taking over Taiwan!

  24. Jenna Cody
    Jenna Cody February 19, 2014 at 10:35 pm | | Reply

    1.) That’s a personal attack, and I’m surprised it’s allowed on this site. It speaks worse of you than of me that you decided to stoop to that level. I don’t feel bad – a comment like that shows who you really are, and it ain’t pretty.

    2.) I’m just speaking to the Taiwanese national sentiment. Look at the polling data – the people generally agree with me.

    1. Definitely Maybe
      Definitely Maybe February 20, 2014 at 4:56 pm | | Reply

      Hi Jenna, you are correct in noting that most of us prefer to be independent. However, many of us also realise that 外國人 (foreigners) do not have any genuine interest in protecting Taiwan’s freedom and democracy. For you, it’s all about sticking it to China and perpetuating Western predominance in the world. It would be a tragedy if Taiwan were somehow roped into an anti-China alliance.

      When I listen to a 外國人 advocating Taiwanese independence, I get an impression of how much he/she hates China, as opposed to how much he/she loves Taiwan. And that rubs me the wrong way.

  25. R Zhao
    R Zhao February 20, 2014 at 9:39 pm | | Reply

    This is getting a bit off track, but I can understand Definitely Maybe’s sentiment. When I was traveling in Taiwan, I was shocked at how nastily foreigners spoke about Mainland China, while I’ve never heard a Taiwanese speak so negatively. I personally feel, as a white American, that it’s not my place to get too emotional/passionate over these issues because there is still so much I don’t (and perhaps can’t) understand.

    Anyways, I find the topic about learning dialects an interesting one. I live in Hebei Province, in a city somewhat known for its standardized Mandarin. Sometimes I feel lucky I ended up here and marrying a Chinese from this part of China. It does simplify things a bit! There is still a fair bit of local slang for me to wrap my head around, but even without it, I can manage pretty well.

  26. Sveta
    Sveta February 21, 2014 at 11:06 am | | Reply

    Although I’m late to discussion, I do recall that when I finally admitted to myself about finding Asian men attractive, I felt it was important to learn about the culture , which started me on the path of listening to Asian music, watching Asian dramas (or trying anyways,) and also got me interested in multicultural literature. I often feel its a shame when a culture or language dies away for one reason or another because its similar to losing literacy. I would guess if I should have children, I’ll encourage them to learn languages that I was never given a chance to learn (Yiddish and Hebrew)

  27. Fred
    Fred February 22, 2014 at 5:41 am | | Reply

    @ Sveta. Are you Russian?

    Fred

  28. wiff
    wiff February 23, 2014 at 8:14 pm | | Reply

    Taiwanese is a dialect of Min Nan Hua (a Fujianese language and the language of my ancestors as well as the ancestrial language of millions of other overseas Chinese). More specifically, a dialect of Hokkien. These are the same languages but different dialects (much as Hakka, Hoklo and Hokkien are the same language but different dialects).

    “Taiwanese Hokkien, commonly known as “Taiwanese”, is a variant of Hokkien spoken in Taiwan. Taiwanese is often seen as a Chinese dialect within a larger Chinese language. On the other hand, it may also be seen as a language in the Sino-Tibetan family. ”

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Languages_of_Taiwan

    The fact is that both the ROC and the PRC consider that there is only one China and both the mainland and Taiwan are part of that larger country (One China Principle) ought to be respected.

    Why do these annoying white folks always try to turn this into a political discussion whenever talking about unrelated stuff about China? I mean, it would be like every time someone brought up the US even when not talking about politics someone from the peanut gallery comes out and would just say “well, that’s great that you like Fords but what about America’s support for the Israeli apartheid state? And what about US spying and occupation in Iraq?”

    There’s a time and a place. Please learn some manners.

  29. Jenna Cody
    Jenna Cody February 23, 2014 at 8:28 pm | | Reply

    Taiwanese is related to Minnanyu about as closely as American English is related to British English. Mutually intelligible but not the same. And no, a Taiwanese speaker can’t understand a Hakka speaker – they are related but not mutually intelligible.

    I don’t think “the ROC and the PRC both say there is one China” ought to be respected, because the **people of Taiwan** (i.e. the people whose opinions on Taiwan actually matter – the opinion of those in China is not relevant because it is not their country) prefer independence. And plenty of them – not all, but a majority – would like to see the ROC either go the same way, or a minority would like to see it dissolve entirely in favor of a Republic of Taiwan.

    So really, you’re making it sound like this is something “white people” believe. You are wrong. My sentiments echo those of the **Taiwanese people**. Very few believe the ROC’s line. Few people vote for the KMT due to their unification agenda.

    As for learning some manners, but you’re the one making this about “white people” rather than what the Taiwanese actually want.

    @Definitely Maybe – you’re wrong. I care about Taiwan’s future because I care about Taiwan. Is it so hard to believe that a foreigner could live long-term in Taiwan and come to care about it for its own sake? Really? Come on. It’s sad that you have such a narrow view of foreigners. I made a life here because I love it here and I believe in the country and what it stands for.

    What I want for Taiwan is not to stick it to China, what I want is for the Taiwanese people to have the freedom to decide – without threat or fear – what they want for their own country. I prefer independence, but really it’s not my decision. Fortunately most Taiwanese agree with me and would choose independence if they could without threat or fear.

    Western dominance in the world? Haha. I am so angry at my own country for what they’ve done to the world that I left it! I don’t want China to become a world power because their government is not suited to being the major world leader. But I don’t think the USA deserves that title any longer, either. I would like to see there be no one superpower, no one leader, with countries on more equal footing than they are now. A pipe dream, but still a dream.

    @R Zhao – you’ve never heard a Taiwanese be as negative about China, or as passionate about independence or their country as foreigners can be? Talk to more Taiwanese then, especially down south. The passion runs deep! I learned most of my best Taiwanese swears listening to southern Taiwanese talk about their country and China! My feelings on the issue pale in comparison. “We should keep silent” is what people say when they’re trying to push inconvenient opinions under the rug.

    In short, I am not sorry I said what I said about Chinese economic colonialism over Taiwan. It’s true.

  30. Jenna Cody
    Jenna Cody February 23, 2014 at 8:53 pm | | Reply

    And for what it’s worth, I don’t hate China. I wouldn’t be following this blog if I did.

    I have a lot of criticisms (and good things to say too – Xinjiang, minority people in Guizhou, the food when it’s safe, the various cultures that have been preserved, the history – especially the literary and artistic traditions, the language, and the people are about as friendly as people anywhere in the world) and I can’t stand the PRC government but I don’t hate China.

  31. wiff
    wiff February 24, 2014 at 1:31 pm | | Reply

    “So really, you’re making it sound like this is something “white people” believe. ”

    Sadly this is as delusional as the rest of your posts filled with factual inaccuracies and political and ethnic provocations. I realize that you are not capable of thinking outside of your society and the blatant anti-China rhetoric it imbues its people. But at least try to maintain a semblance of civility and not drag this discussion about ethnic Chinese dialects into your misinformed rants.

  32. wiff
    wiff February 24, 2014 at 1:54 pm | | Reply

    This delusional American claims that someone said Taiwanese and Min Nan “are the same” dialects but no one said any such thing. Min Nan is a language while Taiwanese is a dialect. So she can’t even understand that basic distinction which shows how little she knows about basic linguistics.

    The Min Nan dialects are the same language but different dialects much as British English and American English are the same language (English, Duh!) but different dialects. Also Appalachian English and Standard American English are obviously the same language but different dialects.

    As to Taiwanese opinion, opinion polls differ on wording but many polls show that overall, independence support is a minority view with status quo and unification to be more popular combined. Much of the Taiwanese news media is rather brainwashed by western inciting of anti China sentiment and I suspect many of those in Taiwan are incited to paranoia and fear of mainland China.

  33. Sveta
    Sveta March 1, 2014 at 7:18 am | | Reply

    @Fred, yes I am from Russia.

  34. helen
    helen March 26, 2014 at 12:26 am | | Reply

    Hi, I found your blog through random googling. Can I ask what resources you are using to learn Wu Chinese? I’m an American who used to speak Shanghainese as a child, and I want to start speaking it again.

  35. Mars
    Mars April 24, 2014 at 9:10 pm | | Reply

    Jocelyn, I have been a long time lurker on here, but never posted before, and after seeing this article I just had to write something!

    I feel like we’re living parallel lives. I am also a Caucasian midwestern girl, from Indiana. I met my husband in Chicago, and we moved to Shanghai (where you’ve also lived) a year and half ago.

    But here’s where it gets really interesting. My husband is also from a small town in the Zhejiang province. His laojia is near Qingtian, but even more rural, think stone walls and dirt floors. His dialect is also similarly incomprehensible and has roots in the Wu dialect….his father actually speaks Wenzhouhua!

    He says “Abu” is grandmother in his dialect too! And as far as I can tell, if you want to say “I don’t know” in his dialect, you say “feshuodinou”. I have no clue if the spelling is even close.

    Small world, huh?

  36. calvin wong
    calvin wong April 28, 2014 at 11:10 pm | | Reply

    Our parents came from Hoisan. Many of their generations have past away. I and siblings do not speak the dialect nor bother learning Manderin. Some of us have also racially intermarry. I for one always have love of the Russian heart and language!

  37. C Lee
    C Lee June 15, 2014 at 11:14 am | | Reply

    Zhongtou is actually a loanword from the northern dialects of Wu Chinese. Most people think it is a native Mandarin word but it is not. Since the bulk of the new vernacular Mandarin Chinese literature then were written by native Wu and Shanghainese speakers, a significant amount of today’s Mandarin Chinese vocabulary come from Wu Chinese via these literary works. The words and usages have become so well adopted into Standard Mandarin, that most speakers assume they are indigenous to Mandarin, rather than cognates of Wu.

    As for my background, I am a Shanghainese-American with most of my ancestry from northeastern Zhejiang with some ancestry from Southern Jiangsu. I grew up speaking Shanghainese as my only language till I was four or five even though I was born and raised in the US. As a result, I can speak Shanghainese very much like a local without any accent. I can understand the northern Wu dialects of northern Zhejiang to a large degree, but not the same as I would understand Suzhou dialect, which is the closest major dialect to Shanghainese. As an example, listening to Suzhou dialect for me is like listening to someone speaking in Southern American English, while listening to someone speaking in Ningbo dialect or Shaoxing dialect is like trying to understand someone from England or Scotland.

  38. Liz
    Liz September 13, 2014 at 9:42 pm | | Reply

    Do you have podcasts on the Wenzhou dialect? I am a Wenzhou by dialect but can’t speak a word and want to learn the language before it ‘disappears’.

  39. baixiaotai
    baixiaotai June 28, 2015 at 8:30 pm | | Reply

    Yunnan is a place plenty of different ethnic groups, different languages and dialects. I’m staying in Kunming, the biggest city of the province and when I came here for the first time, I was certain that everybody will understand my Mandarin.
    Well… Let’s say, that being certain about anything is quite stupid 😉
    Anyway, I really wanted to learn some Kunming dialect. It’s based on Mandarin, but I couldn’t understand even simple words or expressions. And you know what? I didn’t really have any chance to learn it. ALL of my Chinese teachers here were as foreign as I – I mean, what more can Harbin or Wuhan Chinese know about Yunnanese dialects than me?
    Don’t know why, but all of Chinese I made friends with were also non-yunnanese, so I couldn’t learn more than few words.
    Now I have Kunminghese husband and in-laws. They always speak in Kunming dialect; only if they speak directly to me, they use Mandarin. They know it quite well, so I’m in better situation than you. I’ve started learning, but it’s quite hard, I mix it with Mandarin so often! Funny fact: I help my Chinese husband improve his Mandarin 😀
    So now a foreigner is learning Kunming dialect and teaching Mandarin and her Chinese husband is teaching Kunminghese and learnig decent Mandarin 😀

  40. jmortimer
    jmortimer May 16, 2017 at 7:54 pm | | Reply

    Hey!

    I’ve been scouring the internet for some sources about Wenzhounese as I will be teaching English in the area. I don’t know much about China, but it seems to be in Ouhai district…

    Do you have any vocab lists or anything? Even if it is a vocab list of mandarin words to wenzhounese words?!

    I speak and read Japanese, so characters are okay too as long as I can figure out the pronunciation. Please help!

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